Experimental study of oblique impact of particles on wet surfaces
Granulation and agglomeration processes are characterized by intense particle–particle and particle–wall contacts. Furthermore, these collisions often happen in the presence of liquid layers due to liquid injection. Therefore the knowledge of micro-mechanics during wet collisions is fundamental for the exact description of such a process. In this work the collision behaviour of dry particles obliquely impacting a target plate covered by liquid layers is characterized by means of restitution coefficients. The coefficient of restitution describes the energy dissipation during an impact and is defined as the ratio of the velocities after and before impact. It is an important parameter for discrete element method (DEM) simulations and depends strongly on the collision parameters (such as collision velocity and angle), particle deformation behaviour (i.e. elastic or plastic) as well as on the properties of the injected liquid (viscosity, layer thickness). To investigate the influence of these parameters on the wet collision behaviour particle–wall impacts were recorded by two synchronized high-speed cameras allowing a three-dimensional analysis of the collision event. The focus of this work is to investigate the influence of liquid layer thickness, viscosity, surface tension and surface roughness on the normal and tangential coefficient of restitution.
Coefficient of restitution
More Funding Information
Financial support: GermanResearch Foundation (DFG), Germany, and Technology Foun-dation STW, The Netherlands. Project number HE 4526/9-1.