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Publisher DOI: 10.1038/srep09984
Title: Large-scale parallel alignment of platelet-shaped particles through gravitational sedimentation
Language: English
Authors: Behr, Sebastian 
Vainio, Ulla 
Müller, Martin 
Schreyer, Andreas 
Schneider, Gerold A. 
Keywords: Bioinspired materials;Characterization and analytical techniques;Design, synthesis and processing;Self-assembly
Issue Date: 18-May-2015
Source: Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9984 (2015)
Journal or Series Name: Scientific reports 
Abstract (english): Parallel and concentric alignment of microscopic building blocks into several orders of magnitude larger structures is commonly observed in nature. However, if similarly aligned structures are artificially produced their thickness is generally limited to just about one or two orders of magnitude more than the dimensions of the smallest element. We show that sedimentation provides a promising approach to manufacture solid materials consisting of well-aligned platelet-shaped particles while being more than 30 000 times thicker than the individual particle. Such sediments contain up to 28 vol% of particles without any further treatment and can be densified to 67 vol% particle fraction by subsequent unidirectional pressing. The degree of orientation of the platelet-shaped particles within the sediments was tracked by high-energy X-ray diffraction measurements. The Hermans orientation parameter, a statistical measure of the quality of alignment, was determined to be 0.63 ± 0.03 already for as-sedimented samples while the standard deviation of the orientation distribution of particles, another measure of average misalignment, was found to be (21.5 ± 1.4)°. After pressing, these values further improved to (0.81 ± 0.01) and (14.6 ± 0.4)°, respectively. Such quality of alignment competes with, if not even exceeds, values reported in the literature.
DOI: 10.15480/882.1399
ISSN: 2045-2322
Institute: Keramische Hochleistungswerkstoffe M-9 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Project: SFB 986, Teilproject A6 - Herstellung und Charakterisierung hierarchischer, multi-funktionaler Keramik/Metall-Polymer Materialsysteme 
License: In Copyright In Copyright
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