Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2018.03.004
Title: Dynamic flowsheet simulation for chemical looping combustion of methane
Language: English
Authors: Haus, Johannes 
Hartge, Ernst-Ulrich 
Heinrich, Stefan 
Werther, Joachim 
Issue Date: May-2018
Source: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (72): 26-37 (2018-05)
Journal or Series Name: International journal of greenhouse gas control 
Abstract (english): In a Chemical Looping Combustion system, the fuel and air reactors are strongly coupled because of chemical reactions in both and the circulation of solid oxygen carrier between them. To capture the effects inside the system, a novel dynamic flowsheet simulation environment for solids processes is applied to Chemical Looping Combustion of methane. Flowsheet simulation is a tool for process analysis and optimization covering multiple process units and flows in a system. An experimental 25 kWth pilot plant is operated, and all of its process units are modeled. The modeling comprises three fluidized bed reactors, two operating in bubbling fluidized bed condition and one as a circulating fluidized bed riser. A cyclone is used for gas-solid separation after the air reactor. The loop seals ensure gas sealing between the reactors. Fluid mechanics inside the systems are modeled with empirical and semi-empirical correlations, to enable fast calculations. This approach becomes handy when long-term dynamic effects like abrasion, start-up, or shut-down procedures as well as load changes are to be modeled. Chemical reactions for a gaseous fuel and their implications on gas flows were implemented. In addition, oxidation and reduction of the solid oxygen carrier in the three reactors were part of the simulation. To validate the simulation results, the pilot plant was operated with methane as fuel. Gas measurements were taken after both stages of the fuel reactor. Additionally, solid samples were drawn from the hot facility to examine the oxidation state of the carrier, when fuel is introduced. A transient simulation of plant operation over a total runtime of 40 min reveals that the solids inventories of the fluidized bed reactors in the system need only 30 s in the present case to reach a new steady state after a load change. If the oxidation and reduction reactions of the oxygen carrier are taken into account, however, this response time extends dramatically to several hundreds of seconds, which can also be seen in the experimental campaigns. The simulation of such a system behavior requires a powerful simulation tool for flowsheeting, which has been found here in the dynamic simulation framework.
ISSN: 1750-5836
Institute: Feststoffverfahrenstechnik und Partikeltechnologie V-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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