Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00167-015-3920-1
Title: Acromioclavicular joint dislocations: coracoclavicular reconstruction with and without additional direct acromioclavicular repair
Language: English
Authors: Weiser, Lukas 
Nüchtern, Jakob Valentin 
Sellenschloh, Kay 
Püschel, Klaus 
Morlock, Michael 
Rueger, Johannes M. 
Hoffmann, Michael 
Lehmann, Wolfgang 
Großterlinden, Lars Gerhard 
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2017
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 7 (25): 2025-2031 (2017-07-01)
Journal or Series Name: Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy 
Abstract (english): Purpose: To evaluate different stabilisation techniques for acromioclavicular (AC) joint separations, including direct AC repair, and to compare the properties of the stabilised and native joints. Methods: An established in vitro testing model for the AC joint was used to analyse joint stability after surgical reconstruction [double TightRope (DTR), DTR with AC repair (DTR + AC), single TR with AC repair (TR + AC), and PDS sling with AC repair (PDS + AC)]. Twenty-four human cadaveric shoulders were randomised by age into four testing groups. Joint stiffness was measured by applying an axial load during defined physiological ranges of motion. Similar tests were performed for the native joints, after dissecting the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments, and after surgical reconstruction. Cyclic loading was performed for 1000 cycles with 20–70 N and vertical load to failure determined after cyclic testing. Results: Axial stiffness for all TR groups was significantly higher than for the native joint (DTR 38.94 N/mm, p = 0.005; DTR + AC 37.79 N/mm, p = 0.015; TR + AC 45.61 N/mm, p < 0.001 vs. native 26.05 N/mm). The axial stiffness of the PDS + AC group was similar to that of the native joint group (21.4 N/mm, n.s.). AC repair did not significantly influence rotational stiffness. Load to failure was similar and >600 N in all groups (n.s.). Conclusion: Reconstruction of AC dislocations with one or two TRs leads to stable results with a higher stiffness than the native joints. For the PDS + AC group, axial stiffness was similar to the native situation, although there might be a risk of elongation. Direct AC repair showed no significantly increased stability in comparison with reconstructions without direct AC repair. Thus, a direct AC repair seems to be dispensable in clinical practice, while TRs or PDS cerclages appear to provide sufficiently stable results.
ISSN: 0942-2056
Institute: Biomechanik M-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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