Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.07.012
Title: Friction coefficient and effective interference at the implant-bone interface
Authors: Damm, Niklas 
Morlock, Michael 
Bishop, Nicholas 
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2015
Source: Journal of Biomechanics 12 (48): 3517-3521 (2015-09-18)
Journal or Series Name: Journal of biomechanics 
Abstract (english): Although the contact pressure increases during implantation of a wedge-shaped implant, friction coefficients tend to be measured under constant contact pressure, as endorsed in standard procedures. Abrasion and plastic deformation of the bone during implantation are rarely reported, although they define the effective interference, by reducing the nominal interference between implant and bone cavity. In this study radial forces were analysed during simulated implantation and explantation of angled porous and polished implant surfaces against trabecular bone specimens, to determine the corresponding friction coefficients. Permanent deformation was also analysed to determine the effective interference after implantation. For the most porous surface tested, the friction coefficient initially increased with increasing normal contact stress during implantation and then decreased at higher contact stresses. For a less porous surface, the friction coefficient increased continually with normal contact stress during implantation but did not reach the peak magnitude measured for the rougher surface. Friction coefficients for the polished surface were independent of normal contact stress and much lower than for the porous surfaces. Friction coefficients were slightly lower for pull-out than for push-in for the porous surfaces but not for the polished surface. The effective interference was as little as 30% of the nominal interference for the porous surfaces. The determined variation in friction coefficient with radial contact force, as well as the loss of interference during implantation will enable a more accurate representation of implant press-fitting for simulations.
ISSN: 0021-9290
Institute: Biomechanik M-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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