Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2015.03.010
Title: The influence of stem taper re-use upon the failure load of ceramic heads
Language: English
Authors: Gührs, Julian 
Krull, Annika 
Witt, Florian 
Morlock, Michael 
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2015
Source: Medical Engineering and Physics 6 (37): 545-552 (2015-06-01)
Journal or Series Name: Medical engineering & physics 
Abstract (english): Ceramic components are frequently used in total hip replacement due to their good tribological properties. In revision of broken ceramic heads clinical uncertainties arise, whether the taper of the stem can be re-used with a new ceramic head, especially if the stem is well fixed. Ceramic is a brittle material. Even small damage on the male stem taper can lead to stress concentrations causing premature failure of a new ceramic head. As a consequence, manufactures strictly prohibit stem taper re-use for ceramic heads. The aim of this study was to determine the fracture strength of ceramic heads assembled to re-used male stem tapers, which were subjected to prior head fracture. Five 12/14 Ti6Al4V male tapers and 15 Al2O3 ceramic heads (BIOLOXforte® θ 28mm, L) were used for three consecutive fracture tests. Before and after every fracture test, all components were inspected visually and the surface geometry was analyzed. Mean fracture force (52.5kN) did not decrease with the number of taper re-uses (p≥0.77) but the range increased significantly from initially 4.1kN to 31.8kN for the first and 52.6kN for the second re-use due to some components failing at very low loads. Visual inspection was not sufficient to predict the reduced failure loads. Ceramic heads should therefore not be put on used male tapers without metal adapter sleeves.
ISSN: 1350-4533
Institute: Biomechanik M-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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