Publisher DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-51295-8_1
Title: Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Smart City Applications
Authors: Luckey, Daniel 
Fritz, Henrieke 
Legatiuk, Dmitrii 
Dragos, Kosmas 
Smarsly, Kay 
Keywords: Artificial intelligence (AI);Explainable artificial intelligence (XAI);Machine learning (ML);Smart cities;Smart infrastructure;Smart monitoring
Issue Date: 18-Aug-2020
Publisher: Springer
Source: International ICCCBE and CIB W78 Joint Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering 2020
Part of Series: Lecture notes in civil engineering 
Volume number: 98 LNCE
Abstract (english): 
Recent developments in artificial intelligence (AI), in particular machine learning (ML), have been significantly advancing smart city applications. Smart infrastructure, which is an essential component of smart cities, is equipped with wireless sensor networks that autonomously collect, analyze, and communicate structural data, referred to as “smart monitoring”. AI algorithms provide abilities to process large amounts of data and to detect patterns and features that would remain undetected using traditional approaches. Despite these capabilities, the application of AI algorithms to smart monitoring is still limited due to mistrust expressed by engineers towards the generally opaque AI inner processes. To enhance confidence in AI, the “black-box” nature of AI algorithms for smart monitoring needs to be explained to the engineers, resulting in so-called “explainable artificial intelligence” (XAI). However, when aiming at improving the explainability of AI algorithms through XAI for smart monitoring, the variety of AI algorithms requires proper categorization. Therefore, this review paper first identifies objectives of smart monitoring, serving as a basis to categorize AI algorithms or, more precisely, ML algorithms for smart monitoring. ML algorithms for smart monitoring are then reviewed and categorized. As a result, an overview of ML algorithms used for smart monitoring is presented, providing an overview of categories of ML algorithms for smart monitoring that may be modified to achieve explainable artificial intelligence in civil engineering.
Conference: ICCCBE-CIBW78 2020 
ISBN: 978-3-030-51295-8
ISSN: 2366-2557
Institute: Digitales und autonomes Bauen B-1 
Document Type: Chapter/Article (Proceedings)
More Funding information: The authors gratefully acknowledge the support offered by the German Research Foundation (DFG) under grants SM 281/9-1, SM 281/14-1, and SM 281/15-1. This research is also partially supported by the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) under grant VB18F1022A. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of DFG or BMVI.
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