Structural design with joints for maximum dissipation
A. Brandt, R. Singhal (eds.), Shock & Vibration, Aircraft/Aerospace, Energy Harvesting, Acoustics & Optics, Volume 9, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series: 179-188 (2016-01)
Contribution to Conference
Many engineered structures are assembled using different kinds of joints such as bolted, riveted and clamped joints. Even if joints are often a small part of the overall structure, they can have a massive impact on its dynamics due to the introduction of nonlinearities. Thus, joints are considered a design liability. Significant effort has been spent in joint characterization and modelling, but a predictive joint model is still non-existent. To overcome these uncertainties and ensure certain safety standards, joints are usually overdesigned according to static considerations and their stiffness. Especially damping and nonlinearity are not considered during the design process. This can lead to lower performance, lower payload, and as result of the joints structural dynamic models often do a poor job of predicting the dynamic response. However, it is well-known that, particularly for metal structures, joints represent the main source of energy dissipation. In this work a minimal model is used to show how structural performance can be improved using joints as a design variable. Common optimization tools are applied to a nonlinear joint model in order to damp undesired structural vibrations. Results illustrate how the intentional choice of joint parameters and locations can effectively reduce vibration level for a given operating point of a jointed structure.