Effect of chamfer form and parameters on the characteristics of finite length journal bearing under impact load
Journal bearings in typical applications are subjected to misalignment due to several causes, such as shaft deformation under load and errors related to the installation and manufacturing processes. Misalignment has well-known severe negative consequences on the performance of the bearings. This paper deals with the bearing chamfer to reduce these consequences of misalignment, and two forms of bearing edge modification are considered in the analysis. These forms are linear and curved chamfering of the bearing edges, where the height of the chamfer in the circumferential direction and the length of the modification in the longitudinal direction are considered as geometrical design parameters. The investigation includes a numerical solution of the hydrodynamic lubrication problem of finite length journal bearing, considering 3D misalignment cases using the finite difference method. This includes the assessment of the chamfer forms and their effects on the bearing performance in terms of the main bearing design parameters. Furthermore, the stability of the chamfered bearings is also investigated under impact load. Results showed that both chamfer forms are beneficial for a certain limit of the design parameters in reducing the maximum pressure and coefficient of friction and in elevating the film thickness levels, extending the range of misalignment in which the journal bearing can operate safely. In addition, the chamfered bearings in both forms showed more stability range in terms of the critical speed and shaft center trajectories under impact load. The bearings with the curved chamfer, where the slope is continuous at the start of modification, showed more uniform film thickness levels, and their shaft center trajectories were closer to the perfectly aligned bearing in the stable operating range of the system.