Frictional dissipation in elastically dissimilar oscillating Hertzian contacts
We consider the problem of a cyclic Hertzian indentation between elastically dissimilar materials. In the case of loading, the problem was solved by Spence in a series of seminal papers, where he proved a relationship between the solution for a rigid square-shaped punch, to that for a power-law indenter. For example, the stick area is a constant ratio of the contact area, independently on the shape of the punch. "Unfortunately", on unloading, many of the simple properties of the self-similar loading case are lost, there is a complicated development of an external region of slip which cycles in the two directions (forward and back-slip), and an inner region which continues to slip in the forward direction of the first loading cycle. However, this inner region gradually disappears, and further cyclic loading generates a convergence to a steady state solution which involves residual "locked-in" tangential slip displacements in a permanent stick zone, provided the contact is not fully unloaded. Dissipation in the steady state therefore occurs only in the external region of slip, and we provide some results for the energy dissipation per cycle, as a function of the governing parameters: coefficient of friction, Dundurs' dissimilarity constant, normal load amplitude. We also show the likely independence of energy dissipation on initial conditions, limited to the possible scenario of overloading. It is seen that dependence of energy dissipation per cycle on load amplitude is closer to quadratic than to cubic, and this may explain some experimental findings which so far were not expected from oscillatory loading of elastically similar half-spaces. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Dissipation in joints