Pulmonary blood volume estimation in mice by magnetic particle imaging and magnetic resonance imaging
This methodical work describes the measurement and calculation of pulmonary blood volume in mice based on two imaging techniques namely by using magnetic particle imaging (MPI) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Besides its feasibility aspects that may influence quantitative analysis are studied. Eight FVB mice underwent cardiac MRI to determine stroke volumes and anatomic MRI as morphological reference for functional MPI data. Arrival time analyses of boli of 1 µl of 1 M superparamagnetic tracer were performed by MPI. Pulmonary transit time of the bolus was determined by measurements in the right and left ventricles. Pulmonary blood volume was calculated out of stroke volume, pulmonary transit time and RR-interval length including a maximal error analysis. Cardiac stroke volume was 31.7 µl ± 2.3 µl with an ejection fraction of 71% ± 6%. A sharp contrast bolus profile was observed by MPI allowing subdividing the first pass into three distinct phases: tracer arrival in the right ventricle, pulmonary vasculature, and left ventricle. The bolus full width at half maximum was 578 ms ± 144 ms in the right ventricle and 1042 ms ± 150 ms in the left ventricle. Analysis of pulmonary transit time revealed 745 ms ± 81 ms. Mean RR-interval length was 133 ms ± 12 ms. Pulmonary blood volume resulted in 177 µl ± 27 µl with a mean maximal error limit of 27 µl. Non-invasive assessment of the pulmonary blood volume in mice was feasible. This technique can be of specific value for evaluation of pulmonary hemodynamics in mouse models of cardiac dysfunction or pulmonary disease. Pulmonary blood volume can complement cardiac functional parameters as a further hemodynamic parameter.
570: Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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We gratefully acknowledge funding and support of the German Research Foundation (DFG, Grant No. 228148563) and the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg.