High-Speed Resonant Surface Acoustic Wave Instrumentation Based on Instantaneous Frequency Measurement
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 5 (66): 7827127 (2017-05)
Surface acoustic wave (SAW) resonators are used for a broad range of wireless sensing applications, some of them having high demands on the resolution as well as the measurement update rate. This paper presents a new interrogation method for precise and fast frequency determination of passive SAW resonators based on instantaneous frequency measurement by a low-cost six-port interferometer. Using a delay line, the frequency measurement is reduced to a phase measurement that can be instantaneously evaluated by the six-port network. No complex signal processing is necessary providing high update rates and low hardware costs. An in-depth analysis of the system concept and its building blocks is presented, and the advantages as well as the limitations are discussed and compared with the current state of the art. Finally, a demonstrator in the 2.4-GHz frequency band shows the feasibility and the precision of the concept with measurement times of only a few microseconds.
surface acoustic waves