RUVIVAL Publication Series Volume 1
The RUVIVAL Publication Series is part of the open source learning project RUVIVAL. All topics of RUVIVAL Volume 1 are related on several levels and are part of restoration engineering. Each contribution in this publication is connected to further interactive multimedia material, which can be reached under http://www.hoou.de. The literature review papers are a collaboration of Master students, PhD students and researchers at the Institute of Wastewater Management and Water Protection (AWW) at Hamburg University of Technology. This volume consists of 3 literature review papers. The first reviews agroforestry, the practice of including trees or other woody perennial plants into agricultural systems, including crop and livestock production. It explains the challenges and benefits of this practice and provides an example of its implementation within the Slope Farming Project in Arba Minch, Ethiopia. The second paper introduces the concept of living terraces, which constitute a combination of erosion control measures on slopes. They are similar to contour hedgerows, but are constructed with the aim of accumulating soil on the uphill side of the tree row, so that in the long run, bench terraces are formed on their own. Their role as part of rainwater harvesting practices is explained in more depth in the paper. Finally, the third literature review provides insight into check dams, structures built across channels to reduce erosion by lowering water speed and accumulating sediments during floods. Check dams are often introduced in degraded areas and they represent one of the most used stabilisation measures worldwide, because of their relative simplicity and easy implementation. This paper also introduces a well-known case study in the Loess Plateau, China.
sustainable rural development
nachhaltige ländliche Entwicklung