Mesoporous guar galactomannan based biocomposite aerogels through enzymatic crosslinking
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing (94): 93-103 (2017-03-01)
Guar galactomannan (GM) was crosslinked using a sustainable enzymatic oxidation approach to form hydrogels. Nanofibrillated cellulose was used as reinforcement prior to crosslinking. Thirteen solvents were tested for replacing water in the gels, and the volumetric yields of hydrogels are discussed in relation to the solvents’ Hansen solubility parameters. Ethanol and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were selected for further stepwise solvent exchange, to characterize the hydrogels’ shrinkage in response to solvents at each step. DMSO displayed a good compatibility with GM-based hydrogels as compared to ethanol during stepwise solvent exchange, and the overall shrinkage value was similar with those two solvents after supercritical CO2 drying. The obtained aerogel exhibited highly porous composite structures with a large surface area (up to 333 m2/g) and good mechanical stiffness. Negligible ethanol residue was detected, which makes the aerogels safe materials for food and other life science applications.
D. Mechanical testing
More Funding Information
The AEROWOOD project funded by the WoodWisdom-Net Research Program and Academy of Finland (project number 281628) and the COST FP1105 network for travel funding under Short-Term-Scientific-Mission (STSM). Academy of Finland (project number 268144) is acknowledged for funding KSM. Financial support from DFG (project SM 82/13-1) is gratefully acknowledged.