A numerical study on stick-slip motion of a brake pad in steady sliding
A numerical model for an elastic brake pad sliding under constant load and with constant velocity over a rigid surface is investigated by finite element analysis. The geometry is taken to be two-dimensional, the contact is assumed to follow the laws of continuum mechanics and temporal and spatial resolution are such that dynamical effects localized at the interface are resolved. It turns out that at the contact interface localized slip events occur either in the form of long-lasting slip pulses, or in the form of brief local relaxations. Macroscopically steady sliding, macroscopic stickslip motion or slipseparation dynamics occurs, depending on the macroscopic relative velocity. While structural oscillations of the brake pad do not seem to play a significant role during steady sliding at least one structural oscillation mode becomes synchronized with the interfacial dynamics during stickslip or slipseparation motion. Assuming a given friction law for the interface, the macroscopically observed friction coefficient depends considerably on the underlying dynamics on the interface. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.