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# Relativistic space-charge field calculation by interpolation-based treecode

Publikationstyp

Journal Article

Publikationsdatum

2023-01-18

Sprache

English

Institut

Enthalten in

Volume

286

Article Number

108668

Citation

Computer Physics Communications: 286: 108668 (2023-05)

Publisher DOI

Scopus ID

ArXiv ID

Publisher

North Holland Publ. Co.

Space-charge effects are of great importance in particle accelerator physics. In the computational modeling, tree-based methods are increasingly used because of their effectiveness in handling non-uniform particle distributions and/or complex geometries. However, they are often formulated using an electrostatic force which is only a good approximation for low energy particle beams. For high energy, i.e., relativistic particle beams, the relativistic interaction kernel may need to be considered and the conventional treecode fails in this scenario. In this work, we formulate a treecode based on Lagrangian interpolation for computing the relativistic space-charge field. Two approaches are introduced to control the interpolation error. In the first approach, a modified admissibility condition is proposed for which the treecode can be used directly in the lab-frame. The second approach is based on the transformation of the particle beam to the rest-frame where the conventional admissibility condition can be used. Numerical simulation results using both methods will be compared and discussed.