Application of hybrid cybernetic model in simulating myeloma cell culture co-consuming glucose and glutamine with mixed consumption patterns
A dynamic model called hybrid cybernetic model (HCM) based on structured metabolic network is established for simulating mammalian cell metabolism featured with partially substitutable and partially complementary consumption patterns of two substrates, glucose and glutamine. Benefiting from the application of elementary mode analysis (EMA), the complicated metabolic network is decomposed into elementary modes (EMs) facilitating the employment of the hybrid cybernetic framework to investigate the external and internal flux distribution and the regulation mechanism among them. According to different substrate combination, two groups of EMs are obtained, i.e., EMs associated with glucose uptake and simultaneous uptake of glucose and glutamine. Uptake fluxes through various EMs are coupled together via cybernetic variables to maximize substrate uptake. External fluxes and internal fluxes could be calculated and estimated respectively, by the combination of the stoichiometrics of metabolic networks and fluxes through regulated EMs. The model performance is well validated via three sets of experimental data. Through parameter identification of limited number of experimental data, other external metabolites are precisely predicted. The obtained kinetic parameters of three experimental cultures have similar values, which indicates the robustness of the model. Furthermore, the prediction performance of the model is successfully validated based on identified parameters. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Elementary modes (EMs)
Hybrid cybernetic model (HCM)
Mammalian cell culture
570: Biowissenschaften, Biologie