Bubble properties in bubbling and turbulent fluidized beds for particles of Geldart’s group B
Predicting bubble properties in fluidized beds is of high interest for reactor design and modeling. While bubble sizes and velocities for low velocity bubbling fluidized beds have been examined in several studies, there have been only few studies about bubble behavior at superficial gas velocities up into the turbulent regime. For this reason, we performed a thorough investigation of the size, shape and velocity of bubbles at superficial gas velocities ranging from 0.18 m/s up to 1.6 m/s. Capacitance probes were used for the determination of the bubble properties in three different fluidized bed facilities sized of 0.1 m, 0.4 m and 1 m in diameter. Particles belonging to Geldart’s group B (Sauter mean diameter: 188 µm, solid density: ρs = 2600 kg/m3 were used. Correlations for the determination of bubble phase holdup, vertical bubble length and bubble velocity are introduced in this work. The shape of bubbles was found to depend on superficial gas velocity. This implies that at large superficial gas velocities the horizontal size of a bubble must be much smaller in comparison to its vertical size. This leads to a decrease of pressure fluctuations, which is observed in the literature as a characteristic of transitioning into a turbulent regime.
Geldart group B
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Total Research and Technology Gonfreville (TRTG)