Food web and metabolic interactions of the lung inhabitants Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bacteria that successfully adapt to different substrates and environmental niches within the lung and overcome the immune defence can cause serious lung infections. Such infections are generally complex, and recognized as polymicrobial in nature. Both Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause chronic lung infections and were both detected in cystic fibrosis (CF) lung at different stages. In this study, single and dual species cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus pneumoniae were studied under well-controlled planktonic growth conditions. Under pH-controlled conditions, both species apparently benefited from the presence of the other. In co-culture with P. aeruginosa, S. pneumoniae grew efficiently under aerobic conditions, whereas in pure S. pneumoniae culture, growth inhibition occurred in bioreactors with dissolved oxygen concentrations above the microaerobic range. Lactic acid and acetoin that are produced by S. pneumoniae were efficiently utilized by P. aeruginosa. In pH-uncontrolled co-cultures, the low pH triggered by S. pneumoniae assimilation of glucose and lactic acid production negatively affected the growth of both strains. Nevertheless, ammonia production improved significantly, and P. aeruginosa growth dominated at later growth stages. This study revealed unreported metabolic interactions of two important pathogenic microorganisms and shed new lights into pathophysiology of bacterial lung infection.
570: Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Environmental Microbiology - 2022 - Sabra - Food web and metabolic interactions of the lung inhabitants Streptococcus.pdf