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Publisher DOI: 10.3390/s21155171
Title: Wireless geophone networks for land seismic data acquisition: a survey, tutorial and performance evaluation
Language: English
Authors: Makama, Aliyu  
Kuladinithi, Koojana  
Timm-Giel, Andreas  
Keywords: central control unit (CCU); geophones; seismic survey; wireless seismic data acquisition (WSDA); wireless geophone network (WGN)
Issue Date: 30-Jul-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Source: Sensors 21 (15): 5171 (2021)
Abstract (english): 
Seismic data acquisition in oil and gas exploration employs a large-scale network of geophone sensors deployed in thousands across a survey field. A central control unit acquires and processes measured data from geophones to come up with an image of the earth’s subterranean structure to locate oil and gas traps. Conventional seismic acquisition systems rely on cables to connect each sensor. Although cable-based systems are reliable, the sheer amount of cable required is tremendous, causing complications in survey logistics as well as survey downtime. The need for a cable-free seismic data acquisition system has attracted much attention from contractors, exploration companies, and researchers to lay out the enabling wireless technology and architecture in seismic explorations. This paper gives a general overview of land seismic data acquisition and also presents a current and retrospective review of the state-of-the-art wireless seismic data acquisition systems. Furthermore, a simulation-based performance evaluation of real-time, small-scale wireless geophone subnetwork is carried out using the IEEE 802.11 g technology based on the concept of seismic data acquisition during the geophone listen or recording period. In addition, we investigate an optimal number of seismic samples that could be sent by each geophone during this period.
DOI: 10.15480/882.3708
ISSN: 1424-8220
Journal: Sensors 
Institute: Kommunikationsnetze E-4 
Document Type: Article
Project: Publikationsfonds 2021 
Funded by: Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) 
Peer Reviewed: Yes
License: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
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