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Publisher DOI: 10.3390/resources10090091
Title: Opportunities and Challenges of the European Green Deal for the Chemical Industry: An Approach Measuring Innovations in Bioeconomy
Language: English
Authors: Thormann, Lisa 
Neuling, Ulf  
Kaltschmitt, Martin 
Issue Date: 8-Sep-2021
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Resources 10 (9): 91 (2021)
Abstract (english): 
The Circular Economy Action Plan, as part of the European Green Deal announced by the European Commission, is highly relevant to the chemical industry in relation to the production of sustainable products. Accordingly, the chemical industry faces the question of how far it can promote its own manufacture of sustainable products. Within this context, this article presents an approach on how to measure innovations in bioeconomy. The methodological framework developed provides the chemical industry with an approach to assess the effectiveness of innovative conversion technologies producing biogenic intermediate products (e.g., bulk chemicals). The innovations within the bioeconomy (TRL > 4; TRL—technology readiness level) are compared in terms of technical, economic, and environmental indicators for the current status, for the medium- and long-term as well as for different production sites. The methodological approach developed here is exemplarily applied, assessing the production of intermediate biogenic products via thermo-chemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass. The results show the successful applicability of the developed assessment approach as well as significant differences in efficiency, costs, and environmental impact, both from the perspective of time and in spatial terms within the European Union. Thus, the methodological approach developed and presented enables the chemical industry to reduce challenges and to take advantage of the opportunities arising from the transition to a climate-neutral and circular economy.
DOI: 10.15480/882.3769
ISSN: 2079-9276
Journal: Resources 
Institute: Umwelttechnik und Energiewirtschaft V-9 
Document Type: Article
Project: Publikationsfonds 2021 
License: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
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