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Publisher DOI: 10.1002/elsc.202100114
Title: Phenotype analysis of cultivation processes via unsupervised machine learning: demonstration for Clostridium pasteurianum
Language: English
Authors: Hong, Yaeseong 
Nguyen, Tom 
Arbter, Philipp 
Utesch, Tyll 
Zeng, An-Ping  
Keywords: automated fermentation analysis; Clostridium pasteurianum; phenotype analysis; process monitoring; unsupervised learning
Issue Date: Feb-2022
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Engineering in Life Sciences 22 (2): 85-99 (2022-02)
Abstract (english): 
A novel approach of phenotype analysis of fermentation-based bioprocesses based on unsupervised learning (clustering) is presented. As a prior identification of phenotypes and conditional interrelations is desired to control fermentation performance, an automated learning method to output reference phenotypes (defined as vector of biomass-specific rates) was developed and the necessary computing process and parameters were assessed. For its demonstration, time series data of 90 Clostridium pasteurianum cultivations were used which feature a broad spectrum of solventogenic and acidogenic phenotypes, while 14 clusters of phenotypic manifestations were identified. The analysis of reference phenotypes showed distinct differences, where potential conditionalities were exemplary isolated. Further, cluster-based balancing of carbon and ATP or the use of reference phenotypes as indicator for bioprocess monitoring were demonstrated to highlight the perks of this approach. Overall, such analysis depends strongly on the quality of the data and experimental validations will be required before conclusions. However, the automated, streamlined and abstracted approach diminishes the need of individual evaluation of all noisy dataset and showed promising results, which could be transferred to strains with comparably wide-ranging phenotypic manifestations or as indicators for repeated bioprocesses with clearly defined target.
DOI: 10.15480/882.4155
ISSN: 1618-0240
Journal: Engineering in life sciences 
Institute: Bioprozess- und Biosystemtechnik V-1 
Document Type: Article
Project: Publikationsfonds 2021 
More Funding information: Open access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
License: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
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