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Publisher DOI: 10.5194/gmd-15-1061-2022
Title: Computation of backwater effects in surface waters of lowland catchments including control structures – an efficient and re-usable method implemented in the hydrological open-source model Kalypso-NA (4.0)
Language: English
Authors: Hellmers, Sandra  
Fröhle, Peter 
Issue Date: 4-Feb-2022
Publisher: Copernicus Publ.
Source: Geoscientific Model Development 15 (3): 1061-1077 (2022)
Abstract (english): 
Backwater effects in surface water streams and on adjacent lowland areas caused by mostly complex drainage and flow control structures are not directly computed with hydrological approaches yet. A solution to this weakness in hydrological modelling is presented in this article. The developed method enables transfer of discharges into water levels and calculation of backwater volume routing along streams and adjacent lowland areas by balancing water level slopes. The implemented and evaluated method extends the application of hydrological models for rainfall–runoff simulations of backwater-affected catchments with the advantages of (1) modelling complex flow control systems in tidal backwater-affected lowlands, (2) less effort to parameterise river streams, (3) directly defined input factors of driving forces (climate change and urbanisation) and (4) runtime reduction of 1 to 2 orders of magnitude in comparison to coupled hydrodynamic models. The developed method is implemented in the open-source rainfall–runoff model Kalypso-NA (4.0). Evaluation results show the applicability of the model for simulating rainfall–runoff regimes and backwater effects in an exemplary lowland catchment (Hamburg, Germany) with a complex flow control system and where the drainage is influenced by a tidal range of about 4 m. The proposed method is applicable to answer a wide scope of hydrological and water management questions, e.g. water balances, flood forecasts and effectiveness of flood mitigation measures. It is re-usable to other hydrological numerical models, which apply conceptual hydrological flood-routing approaches (e.g. Muskingum–Cunge or Kalinin–Miljukov).
DOI: 10.15480/882.4153
ISSN: 1991-959X
Journal: Geoscientific model development 
Institute: Wasserbau B-10 
Document Type: Article
Project: ReWaM - Verbundprojekt StucK: Sicherstellung der Entwässerung küstennaher urbaner Räume unter Berücksichtigung des Klimawandels, Teilprojekt 3 
Open-Access-Publikationskosten / 2022-2024 / Technische Universität Hamburg (TUHH) 
Funded by: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) 
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) 
More Funding information: Publishing fees are funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation – project number 491268466) and the Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) in the funding programme “Open Access Publishing”. The authors gratefully acknowledge this support.
License: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
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