Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2013.05.011
Title: Laser metal deposition of TiC/Inconel 718 composites with tailored interfacial microstructures
Language: English
Authors: Hong, Chen 
Gu, Dongdong 
Dai, Donghuai 
Gasser, Andres 
Weisheit, Andreas 
Kelbassa, Ingomar 
Zhong, Minlin 
Poprawe, Reinhart 
Keywords: Laser metal deposition; Metal matrix composites; Tailored interface
Issue Date: 24-Jun-2013
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Source: Optics and Laser Technology 54: 98-109 (2013-06-24)
Abstract (english): 
Laser metal deposition (LMD) was applied to deposit Inconel 718 metal matrix composites reinforced with TiC particles. The influence of laser energy input per unit length on constitution phases, microstructures, hardness, and wear performance of LMD-processed TiC/Inconel 718 composites was studied. It revealed that the LMD-processed composites consisted of γ Ni-Cr solid solution matrix, the intermetallic precipitation phase γ′, and the TiC reinforcing phase. For the laser energy input per unit length of 80-120 kJ/m, a coherent interfacial layer with the thickness of 0.8-1.4 μm was formed between TiC reinforcing particles and the matrix, which was identified as (Ti,M)C (M=Nb and Mo) layer. Its formation was due to the reaction of the strong carbide-forming elements Nb and Mo of the matrix with the dissolved Ti and C on the surface of TiC particles. The microstructures of the TiC reinforcing phase experienced a successive change as laser energy input per unit length increased: Relatively coarsened poly-angular particles (80 kJ/m) - surface melted, smoothened TiC particles (≥100 kJ/m) - fully melted/precipitated, significantly refined TiC dendrites/particles (160 kJ/m). Using the laser energy input per unit length ≥100 kJ/m produced the fully dense composites having the uniformly dispersed TiC reinforcing particles. Either the formation of reinforcement/matrix interfacial layer or the refinement in TiC dendrites/particles microstructures enhanced the microhardness and wear performance of TiC/Inconel 718 composites.
ISSN: 1879-2545
Journal: Optics & laser technology 
Document Type: Article
More Funding information: One of the authors (Dongdong Gu) gratefully appreciates the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51104090 ) and the NUAA Fundamental Research Funds (No. NE2013103 ).
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