Publisher DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c01991
Title: Straight versus Spongy: Effect of Tortuosity on Polymer Imbibition into Nanoporous Matrices Assessed by Segmentation-Free Analysis of 3D Sample Reconstructions
Language: English
Authors: Luna, Fernando Vazquez 
Maurya, Anjani K. 
De Souza E Silva, Juliana Martins 
Dittrich, Guido 
Paul, Theresa 
Enke, Dirk 
Huber, Patrick  
Wehrspohn, Ralf 
Steinhart, Martin 
Issue Date: 4-Aug-2022
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry C 126 (30) : 12765-12779 (2022-08-04)
Abstract (english): 
We comparatively analyzed imbibition of polystyrene (PS) into two complementary pore models having pore diameters of ∼380 nm and hydroxyl-terminated inorganic-oxidic pore walls, controlled porous glass (CPG) and self-ordered porous alumina (AAO), by X-ray computed tomography and EDX spectroscopy. CPG contains continuous spongy-tortuous pore systems. AAO containing arrays of isolated straight cylindrical pores is a reference pore model with a tortuosity close to 1. Comparative evaluation of the spatiotemporal imbibition front evolution yields important information on the pore morphology of a probed tortuous matrix like CPG and on the imbibition mechanism. To this end, pixel brightness dispersions in tomographic 3D reconstructions and 2D EDX maps of infiltrated AAO and CPG samples were condensed into 1D brightness dispersion profiles normal to the membrane surfaces. Their statistical analysis yielded positions and widths of the imbibition fronts without segmentation or determination of pore positions. The retardation of the imbibition front movement with respect to AAO reference samples may be used as a descriptor for the tortuosity of a tested porous matrix. The velocity of the imbibition front movements in CPG equaled two-thirds of the velocity of the imbibition front movements in AAO. Moreover, the dynamics of the imbibition front broadening discloses whether porous matrices are dominated by cylindrical neck-like pore segments or by nodes. Independent single-meniscus movements in cylindrical AAO pores result in faster imbibition front broadening than in CPG, in which a morphology dominated by nodes results in slower cooperative imbibition front movements involving several menisci. The results presented here may be relevant to applications including printing and adhesive bonding, as well as to the optimization of production and properties of engineering, construction, and hybrid materials.
ISSN: 1932-7447
Journal: The journal of physical chemistry C 
Institute: Material- und Röntgenphysik M-2 
Document Type: Article
Project: Oxidische 3d-Gerüststrukturen für benetzungsvermittelte Formgebung von Polymeren und benetzungsvermitteltes Herstellen von Fügeverbindungen mit Polymeren 
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