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Publisher DOI: 10.1111/jiec.13345
Title: Green batteries for clean skies: Sustainability assessment of lithium-sulfur all-solid-state batteries for electric aircraft
Language: English
Authors: Barke, Alexander 
Cistjakov, Walter 
Steckermeier, Dominik 
Thies, Christian  
Popien, Jan Linus 
Michalowski, Peter 
Pinheiro Melo, Sofia 
Cerdas, Felipe 
Herrmann, Christoph 
Krewer, Ulrike 
Kwade, Arno 
Spengler, Thomas Stefan 
Keywords: all-solid-state battery; electric aircraft; industrial ecology; life cycle sustainability assessment; prospective sustainability assessment; sustainable development goals
Issue Date: 23-Dec-2022
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Source: Journal of Industrial Ecology (in Press): (2022)
Abstract (english): 
The use of novel battery technologies in short-haul electric aircraft can support the aviation sector in achieving its goals for a sustainable development. However, the production of the batteries is often associated with adverse environmental and socio-economic impacts, potentially leading to burden shifting. Therefore, this paper investigates alternative technologies for lithium–sulfur all-solid-state batteries (LiS-ASSBs) in terms of their contribution to the sustainable development goals (SDGs). We propose a new approach that builds on life cycle sustainability assessment and links the relevant impact categories to the related SDGs. The approach is applied to analyze four LiS-ASSB configurations with different solid electrolytes, designed for maximum specific energy using an electrochemical model. They are compared to a lithium–sulfur battery with a liquid electrolyte as a benchmark. The results of our cradle-to-gate analysis reveal that the new LiS-ASSB technologies generally have a positive contribution to SDG achievement. However, the battery configuration with the best technical characteristics is not the most promising in terms of SDG achievement. Especially variations from the technically optimal cathode thickness can improve the SDG contribution. A sensitivity analysis shows that the results are rather robust against the weighting factors within the SDG quantification method.
DOI: 10.15480/882.4868
ISSN: 1530-9290
Journal: Journal of industrial ecology 
Document Type: Article
Peer Reviewed: Yes
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives) CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
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