Publisher DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.105B3.BJJ-2022-1011.R1
Title: Impaction procedure influences primary stability of acetabular press-fit components
Language: English
Authors: Ruhr, Miriam 
Huber, Gerd 
Niki, Yasaman 
Lohner, Larissa 
Ondruschka, Benjamin 
Morlock, Michael 
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2023
Publisher: British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery
Source: The bone & joint journal 105-B (3): 261-268 (2023-03-01)
Abstract (english): 
The aim of the study was to investigate whether the primary stability of press-fit acetabular components can be improved by altering the impaction procedure. Three impaction procedures were used to implant acetabular components into human cadaveric acetabula using a powered impaction device. An impaction frequency of 1 Hz until complete component seating served as reference. Overimpaction was simulated by adding ten strokes after complete component seating. High-frequency implantation was performed at 6 Hz. The lever-out moment of the acetabular components was used as measure for primary stability. Permanent bone deformation was assessed by comparison of double micro-CT (µCT) measurements before and after impaction. Acetabular component deformation and impaction forces were recorded, and the extent of bone-implant contact was determined from 3D laser scans. Overimpaction reduced primary acetabular component stability (p = 0.038) but did not significantly increase strain release after implantation (p = 0.117) or plastic deformations (p = 0.193). Higher press-fits were associated with larger polar gaps for the 1 Hz reference impaction (p = 0.002, R2 = 0.77), with a similar trend for overimpaction (p = 0.082, R2 = 0.31). High-frequency impaction did not significantly increase primary stability (p = 0.170) at lower impaction forces (p = 0.001); it was associated with smaller plastic deformations (p = 0.035, R2 = 0.34) and a trend for increased acetabular component relaxation between strokes (p = 0.112). Higher press-fit was not related to larger polar gaps for the 6 Hz impaction (p = 0.346). Overimpaction of press-fit acetabular components should be prevented since additional strokes can be associated with increased bone damage and reduced primary stability as shown in this study. High-frequency impaction at 6 Hz was shown to be beneficial compared with 1 Hz impaction. This benefit has to be confirmed in clinical studies.
ISSN: 2049-4408
Journal: Bone & joint journal 
Institute: Biomechanik M-3 
Document Type: Article
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