Using negative bolus in dynamic MPI
International Journal on Magnetic Particle Imaging 9 (1): 2303022 (2023)
Infinite Science Publishing
In Magnetic Particle Imaging, the spatial distribution of a tracer is measured and depicted with a concentration dependent signal intensity for any location that contains particles, whereas surrounding tissue does not provide any signal. After tracer injection, the signal over time (positive contrast) can be utilized as a transient response to calculate dynamic diagnostic parameters like perfusion parameter maps. In this work, a bolus of physiological saline solution without any particles (negative contrast) is proposed, where the remaining steady state concentration contributes to the image contrast. This opens up the possibility to stretch the total monitoring time of a patient by utilizing a positive-negative contrast sequence, while keeping the total iron dose constant in the subject. Resulting time responses show that normalized signals from positive and negative boli are concurrent in the phantom experiments, indicating identical diagnostic parameters for in-vivo use.