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Publisher DOI: 10.1243/09544119JEIM117
Title: Investigation on stick phenomena in metal-on-metal hip joints after resting periods
Language: English
Authors: Wimmer, Markus A. 
Nassutt, Roman 
Sprecher, Christoph 
Loos, J. 
Täger, Georg 
Fischer, Alfons 
Keywords: Biocompatible Materials;Equipment Failure Analysis;Friction;Lubrication;Materials Testing;Particle Size;Prosthesis Design;Surface Properties;Time Factors;Vitallium;Hip Prosthesis;Prosthesis Failure
Issue Date: Feb-2006
Publisher: Sage Publications
Source: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of engineering in medicine 2 (220): 219-227 (2006-02)
Journal or Series Name: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of engineering in medicine 
Abstract (english): Insufficient understanding of tribological behaviour in total joint arthroplasty is considered as one of the reasons for prosthesis failure. Contrary to the continuous motion input profiles of hip simulators, human locomotion contains motion interruptions. These occurring resting periods can cause stick phenomena in metal-on-metal hip joints. The aim of the present study was to investigate the tribological sensitivity of all-metal bearings to motion interruptions on in vitro test specimens and retrieved implants. Friction and wear with and without resting periods were quantified. Unlike the metal-on-polyethylene joints, the static friction of metal-on-metal joints increased up to micros = 0.3 with rest, while wear appeared to be unaffected. This effect is caused by the interlocking of firmly adhered carbon layers, which were generated from the protein-containing lubricant through tribochemical reactions. Since more than 80 per cent of the retrieved implants exhibited macroscopically visible carbon layers, the increase in friction presumably also occurs under physiological conditions, which is then transferred to the bone-implant interface. These recurrent tangential stress peaks should be considered for the design features of the cup-bone interface, in particular when larger-sized implant heads are used.
DOI: 10.15480/882.1590
ISSN: 2041-3033
Institute: Biomechanik M-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Permission Note: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich. This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
License: In Copyright In Copyright
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