Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Fulltext available Open Access
Publisher DOI: 10.1177/0734242X9301100207
Title: Fate of an absorbent gelling material for hygiene paper products in landfill and composting
Language: English
Authors: Stegmann, Rainer 
Lotter, Stefan 
King, L. 
Hopping, W. D. 
Keywords: pant diapers (liners);nappies;absorbent gelling material (AGM);polyacrylate;llandfill simulation;composting simulation;test reactors;14C-analysis
Issue Date: 1-Mar-1993
Publisher: Sage Publications
Source: Waste Management & Research 2 (11): 155-170 (1993)
Journal or Series Name: Waste Management & Research 
Abstract (english): A cross-linked polyacrylate polymer, referred to as absorbent gelling material (AGM), has been developed for use in hygiene paper products, such as infant diapers (nappies). The fate and effects of this polymer were studied in laboratory models of landfill and aerobic composting. Radiolabelled (14C) AGM was used to facilitate determination of fate and mass balance. Tests were conducted in 1201 reactors containing a mixture of solid waste and compost or solid waste only, and panty diaper pads. Controlled temperature and leachate recycle were used to accelerate the biological processes. AGM caused no adverse effects and most of the material remained associated with the diaper pad and surrounding waste. Very little AGM (less than 1 %) biodegraded to CO2/CH 4 under landfill conditions, while 2-4% appeared in leachate. The leachate was highly biodegradable aerobically. More of the AGM (6.4%) biodegraded to CO2 under aerobic composting conditions, while less than 1% appeared in leachate.
DOI: 10.15480/882.1596
ISSN: 1096-3669
Institute: Abwasserwirtschaft und Gewässerschutz B-2 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Permission Note: Dieser Beitrag ist mit Zustimmung des Rechteinhabers aufgrund einer (DFG geförderten) Allianz- bzw. Nationallizenz frei zugänglich. This publication is with permission of the rights owner freely accessible due to an Alliance licence and a national licence (funded by the DFG, German Research Foundation) respectively.
License: In Copyright In Copyright
Appears in Collections:Publications with fulltext

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
0734242x9301100207.pdfVerlags-PDF773,11 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Sep 28, 2020


checked on Sep 28, 2020

Google ScholarTM


Note about this record


Items in TORE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.