Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.15480/882.1744
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.jot.2018.06.005
Title: Biomechanical evaluation of location and mode of failure in three screw fixations for a comminuted transforaminal sacral fracture model
Language: English
Authors: Crist, Brett D. 
Pfeiffer, Ferris M. 
Khazzam, Michael S. 
Kueny, Rebecca A. 
Della Rocca, Gregory J. 
Carson, William L. 
Keywords: boneeimplant failure;external fixator;fracture stabilisation;pelvic ring injury;pelvic screws;transforaminal sacral fracture
Issue Date: 10-Jul-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation (16): 102-111 (2018-07-10)
Journal or Series Name: Journal of orthopaedic translation 
Abstract (english): Background: Pelvic ringecomminuted transforaminal sacral fracture injuries are rotationally and vertically unstable and have a high rate of failure. Objective: Our study purpose was to use three-dimensional (3D) optical tracking to detect onset location of boneeimplant interface failure and measure the distances and angles between screws and line of applied force for correlation to strength of pelvic fracture fixation techniques. Methods: 3D relative motion across sacralerami fractures and screws relative to bone was measured with an optical tracking system. Synthetic pelves were used. Comminuted transforaminal sacralerami fractures were modelled. Each pelvis was stabilised by either (1) two iliosacral screws in S1, (2) one transsacral screw in S1 and one iliosacral screw in S1 and (3) one trans-alar screw in S1 and one iliosacral screw in S1; groups 4e6 consisted of fixation groups with addition of anterior inferior iliac pelvic external fixator. Eighteen-instrumented pelvic models with right ilium fixed simulate single-leg stance. Load was applied to centre of S1 superior endplate. Five cycles of torque was initially applied, sequentially increased until permanent deformation occurred. Five cycles of axial load compression was next applied, sequentially increased until permanent deformation occurred, followed by axial loading to catastrophic failure. A Student t test was used to determine significance (p < 0.05). Results: The model, protocol and 3D optical system have the ability to locate how subcatastrophic failures initiate. Our results indicate failure of all screw-based constructs is due to localised bone failure (screw pull-in push-out at the ipsilateral iliumescrew interface, not in sacrum); thus, no difference was observed when not supplemented with external fixation. Conclusion: Inclusion of external fixation improved resistance only to torsional loading. Translational Potential of this Article: Patients with comminuted transforaminal sacral eipsilateral rami fractures benefit from this fixation.
URI: https://tubdok.tub.tuhh.de/handle/11420/1747
DOI: 10.15480/882.1744
ISSN: 2214-031X
Institute: Biomechanik M-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives) CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
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