Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.15480/882.1975
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/en10040508
Title: Hysteresis analysis and control of a metal-polymer hybrid soft actuator
Language: English
Authors: Schimmack, Manuel 
Etzberger Feistauer, Eduardo 
Amancio, Sergio 
Mercorelli, Paolo 
Keywords: soft-actuator;metal-polymer hybrid material;switching system
Issue Date: 8-Apr-2017
Publisher: MDPI
Source: Energies 4 (10): 508 (2017)
Journal or Series Name: Energies 
Abstract (english): The number of applications of stimulus-responsive polymers is growing at an impressive rate. The motivation of this contribution is to use a commercially available low-budget silver-coated polyamide (PA6) as a thermo-responsive metal-polymer hybrid soft actuator. Polyamide is a hygroscopic polymer; therefore, its mechanical and physical-chemical properties are affected by exposition to humidity or immersion in water. The effect of water absorption content on the PA6 and silver-coated PA6 monofilament properties, such as mass change and resistance, were evaluated. Moreover, the influence of swelling and shrinking effects on the surface morphology, caused by variations of moisture and water immersion, was investigated. Based on these variations, the dynamics of the resistance of the hybrid material were analyzed in the context of the proposed hysteresis model. An identification procedure of the hysteresis is presented along with an approximation of the upper and lower bound based on a constrained least square approach. A switching logic algorithm for this hybrid dynamic system is introduced, which makes it possible to structure the non-linear function in a switching mode. Finally, a non-linear integral sliding manifold is proposed and tested to control the resulting force of the actuator.hysteresis model. An identification procedure of the hysteresis is presented along with an approximation of the upper and lower bound based on a constrained least square approach. A switching logic algorithm for this hybrid dynamic system is introduced, which makes it possible to structure the non-linear function in a switching mode. Finally, a non-linear integral sliding manifold is proposed and tested to control the resulting force of the actuator.
URI: https://tubdok.tub.tuhh.de/handle/11420/1978
DOI: 10.15480/882.1975
ISSN: 1996-1073
Institute: Kunststoffe und Verbundwerkstoffe M-11 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Funded by: Helmholtz Association
Project: Grant no. VH-NG-626 
License: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
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