Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s11661-018-5037-x
Title: Anisotropy of Mass Transfer During Sintering of Powder Materials with Pore–Particle Structure Orientation
Language: English
Authors: Torresani, E. 
Giuntini, Diletta 
Zhu, C. 
Harrington, T. 
Vecchio, K. S. 
Molinari, A. 
Bordia, Rajendra K. 
Olevsky, Eugene A. 
Issue Date: 15-Feb-2019
Source: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 2 (50): 1033-1049 (2019-02-15)
Journal or Series Name: Metallurgical and materials transactions 
Abstract (english): © 2018, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International. A micromechanical model for the shrinkage anisotropy during sintering of metallic powders is proposed and experimentally assessed. The framework developed for modeling sintering based on the mechanism of grain boundary diffusion is extended to take into account the dislocation pipe-enhanced volume diffusion. The studied iron powder samples are pre-shaped into their green forms by uniaxial cold pressing before sintering step. The resultant green bodies are anisotropic porous structures, with inhomogeneous plastic deformation at the inter-particle contacts. These non-uniformities are considered to be the cause of the anisotropic dislocation pipe diffusion mechanisms, and thus of the undesired shape distortion during shrinkage. The proposed model describes the shrinkage rates in the compaction loading and transverse directions, as functions of both structural and geometric activities of the samples. Dislocation densities can be estimated from such equations using dilatometry and image analysis data. The reliability and applicability of the developed modeling framework are verified by comparing the calculated dislocation densities with outcomes of nanoindentation and electron backscatter diffraction-derived lattice rotations.
ISSN: 1073-5623
Institute: Keramische Hochleistungswerkstoffe M-9 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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