Publisher DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.8b00613
Title: Toward Multiscale Modeling of Proteins and Bioagglomerates: An Orientation-Sensitive Diffusion Model for the Integration of Molecular Dynamics and the Discrete Element Method
Language: English
Authors: Depta, Philipp Nicolas 
Jandt, Uwe 
Dosta, Maksym 
Zeng, An-Ping  
Heinrich, Stefan 
Issue Date: 28-Jan-2019
Source: Journal of chemical information and modeling 1 (59): 386-398 (2019-01-28)
Journal or Series Name: Journal of chemical information and modeling 
Abstract (english): Most processes involved in biological and biotechnological systems spread over many scales in space and time. For example, the interaction of multiple enzymes in heterogeneous enzymatic agglomerates or clusters, necessary for efficient enzymatic conversion, is of high interest for research and enzyme engineering. In order to understand and predict their overall behavior and performance, it is important to describe these scales as completely as possible, known as multiscale modeling. While many different approaches have been presented in recent years, knowledge about protein formation and bioagglomeration at the micro scale is still very limited. In an attempt to address such systems, we propose a bottom- up multiscale modeling methodology, bridging the gaps between molecular dynamics (MD) with an explicit solvent and the larger scale discrete element method (DEM) using an implicit solvent and abstracting macromolecules (e.g., proteins) as objects with anisotropic properties. We term this approach the molecular discrete element method (MDEM). For this, we present an orientation-sensitive diffusion model for DEM, which describes the dynamics of anisotropic translational and rotational diffusion, while implicitly considering solvent molecules and enforcing a canonical ensemble. A general-purpose model and parametrization approach is presented, which can be used to simulate any process involving diffusion of discrete particles. Effects of temperature and viscosity changes can be considered, and guidance is provided concerning time step selection. This model is generally applicable and serves as a precondition to enforce the proper dynamics (i.e., diffusion characteristics and canonical ensemble, similar to a thermostat in MD) for the proposed multiscale modeling methodology with anisotropic properties. Thereby, it presents a first step toward modeling at the micro scale and is integral to enforcing dynamics of such systems and therefore extensively validated. As a next step, interaction models are to be defined and added to the presented model. In comparison to atomistic and coarse-grained (CG) MD, a speedup of 5-7 orders of magnitude can be achieved. The approach is demonstrated on multiple components of the pyruvate dehydrogenase enzyme complex, a multienzymatic machinery that involves very different types of enzymes and is of high value to further elucidate the mechanisms of bioagglomeration and metabolic channeling.
ISSN: 1549-9596
Institute: Feststoffverfahrenstechnik und Partikeltechnologie V-3 
Bioprozess- und Biosystemtechnik V-1 
Mehrskalensimulation von Feststoffsystemen V-EXK1 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Funded by: The authors gratefully acknowledge the German Research Foundation (DFG) for financial support (HE 4526/19-1 for authors from SPE and ZE 542/12-1 for authors from IBB within the priority program SPP 1934), as well as German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF, Grant 031B0222).
Project: Teilprojekt von SPP 1934: Multiskalige modellgestützte Untersuchungen funktionaler Enzym- und Proteinagglomerate für biotechnologische Anwendung - Teil 2: Von der Struktur zur Funktion 
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