Publisher DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2889033
Title: Introducing a mixed-mode matrix for investigation of wireless communication related to orbital angular momentum
Language: English
Authors: Park, Woocheon 
Wang, Lei 
Brüns, Heinz-Dietrich 
Kam, Dong Gun 
Schuster, Christian 
Issue Date: Mar-2019
Source: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 3 (67): 1719-1728 (2019-03)
Journal or Series Name: IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation 
Abstract (english): This paper introduces a mixed-mode matrix representation of scattering parameters that is suitable for the investigation of wireless communication based on orbital angular momentum (OAM). For this purpose, a unitary transformation matrix is defined, which contains the transmitted and received amplitudes as basis vectors corresponding to OAM-based communication between two antenna arrays. The mixed-mode matrix is then obtained from the corresponding similarity transformation of the standard scattering matrix available, e.g., from numerical simulations or measurements. The mixed-mode matrix allows better physical insight into OAM-based communication by clearly separating all modes and is more efficient than postprocessing of single-antenna results in a system simulator. Mode conversion/isolation and proper mode termination can be easily quantified. Also, it allows generalizing the interpretation of OAM-based communication by focusing on the property of a constant phase difference within each antenna array. The usefulness of this approach is demonstrated using method of moments (MoM) simulations of dipole radiators in various arrangements of a transmitting and a receiving array. Systematic parameter studies that reveal dependencies of OAM-based communication are possible by using the mixed-mode matrix. As an application, communication patterns are studied, in order to obtain the suitable position and relative orientation in space for good mode isolation or communication. © 1963-2012 IEEE.
ISSN: 0018-926X
Institute: Theoretische Elektrotechnik E-18 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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