Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2018.01.005
Title: Chemical looping combustion of high sodium lignite in the fluidized bed: Combustion performance and sodium transfer
Language: English
Authors: Song, Tao 
Hartge, Ernst-Ulrich 
Heinrich, Stefan 
Shen, Laihong 
Werther, Joachim 
Issue Date: Mar-2018
Source: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (70): 22-31 (2018-03)
Journal or Series Name: International journal of greenhouse gas control 
Abstract (english): The Zhundong coalfield in Xinjiang, China, is the largest integrated coal basin newly found. The present work concentrates on the application of chemical looping combustion (CLC) with a Zhundong lignite, which is characterized by high sodium content. Some experiments in a laboratory scale fluidized bed facility with an active iron ore oxygen carrier, were performed using the lignite as fuel and CO2 as gasifying agent at a temperature of 900 °C, with the objective of investigating its combustion performance and sodium transfer behavior in CLC. Results indicate that the gasification reactivity of the three coals follows the order of German lignite > Zhundong lignite > American bituminous coal in the current experimental conditions. During reducing stage, the unique product of sodium transfer from coal to the fly ash is albite (NaAlSi3O8) due to the reactions between sodium and other coal ash. The sodium deposition on the oxygen carrier particles was not found. 40 reducing-oxidizing cycles were performed, and sodium accumulation in the bed materials with cycles was found due to some ash staying in the bed. However, the growth of bed particles due to the sodium accumulation was not observed by determining the particle size distributions of bed materials. This indicates that burning the high sodium Zhundong coal in the present conditions have no influence on the particle agglomeration. Finally, a literature survey was made and results indicate that the main sodium in the Xinjiang coal basin of China is water soluble with an average value of 64%. The pure salt of NaCl, as one common water soluble sodium phase in Zhundong coals, was introduced to a bed of iron ore particles at 900 °C with regard to investigate the influence of NaCl on fluidization stability. Based on the measurements of pressure drop, bed temperature and SEM-EDS, it was found that NaCl does not react with the iron ore but in fact only acts as glue between iron ore particles. Further, the sodium transfer routes in CLC of Zhundong coal with iron ore based oxygen carrier are given and some discussions are made with regard to practical operation. The corrosion problems on the heating surface in the air reactor can be significantly reduced compared to a conventional Zhundong coal fueled furnace, since most of sodium will release and be converted in the fuel reactor.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11420/2435
ISSN: 1750-5836
Institute: Feststoffverfahrenstechnik und Partikeltechnologie V-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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