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Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.11.036
Title: Damage modeling of small-scale experiments on dental enamel with hierarchical microstructure
Language: English
Authors: Scheider, Ingo 
Xiao, Tao 
Yilmaz, Ezgi D. 
Schneider, Gerold A. 
Huber, Norbert  
Bargmann, Swantje 
Keywords: dental enamel; mechanical characterization; micromechanical modeling; hierarchical material; homogenization
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Acta biomaterialia (15): 244-253 (2015)
Abstract (english): 
Dental enamel is a highly anisotropic and heterogeneous material, which exhibits an optimal reliability with respect to the various loads occurring over years. In this work, enamel's microstructure of parallel aligned rods of mineral fibers is modeled and mechanical properties are evaluated in terms of strength and toughness with the help of a multiscale modeling method. The established model is validated by comparing it with the stress-strain curves identified by microcantilever beam experiments extracted from these rods. Moreover, in order to gain further insight in the damage-tolerant behavior of enamel, the size of crystallites below which the structure becomes insensitive to flaws is studied by a microstructural finite element model. The assumption regarding the fiber strength is verified by a numerical study leading to accordance of fiber size and flaw tolerance size, and the debonding strength is estimated by optimizing the failure behavior of the microstructure on the hierarchical level above the individual fibers. Based on these well-grounded properties, the material behavior is predicted well by homogenization of a representative unit cell including damage, taking imperfections (like microcracks in the present case) into account.
DOI: 10.15480/882.2256
ISSN: 1742-7061
Journal: Acta biomaterialia 
Institute: Kontinuums- und Werkstoffmechanik M-15 
Keramische Hochleistungswerkstoffe M-9 
Document Type: Article
Project: SFB 986: Teilprojekt B4 - Mikromechanisches Materialverhalten hierarchischer Werkstoffe 
Untersuchung des Deformations- und Bruchverhaltens der hierarchischen Ebenen von Zahnschmelz 
License: CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives) CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
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