Publisher DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2863115
Title: Low-dispersive leaky-wave antenna integrated in groove gap waveguide technology
Language: English
Authors: Wang, Lei 
Gomez-Tornero, Jose Luis 
Rajo-Iglesias, Eva 
Quevedo-Teruel, Oscar 
Issue Date: Nov-2018
Source: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 11 (66): 5727-5736 (2018-11)
Journal or Series Name: IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation 
Abstract (english): In this paper, the use of a dispersive prism with a triangular shape is proposed to reduce the dispersive radiation nature of a leaky-wave antenna (LWA) in groove-gap waveguide technology. The operation of gap waveguide technology is based on the use of metallic pins that act as an artificial magnetic conductor, so the electromagnetic fields are confined and guided in the desired directions. To control a leaky-wave radiation of these confined fields is possible by tailoring the height of the pins, its periodicity, and the waveguide width. This radiation, as in any conventional LWA, is dispersive, leading to beam squint as the frequency is varied. Here, we mitigate this beam squint by using a prism made of dispersive pins and choosing appropriately their periodicity and height. With this prism, the leaky-wave radiation is focused into one single direction in a wide frequency band. This concept is demonstrated with a prototype designed to radiate at φ =41° with a central frequency of 12 GHz and the high gain of 16.5 dBi. A 22% frequency bandwidth for the 3 dB realized gain at φ =41° is achieved, and the main radiating direction, with half-power beamwidth of 5°, steers only ±0.5° from 11.4 to 13.4 GHz.
ISSN: 0018-926X
Institute: Theoretische Elektrotechnik E-18 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Funded by: This work was supported in part by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
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