Publisher DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2018.1530152
Title: Innovation, knowledge and relations–on the role of clusters for firms’ innovativeness
Language: English
Authors: Terstriep, Judith 
Lüthje, Christian 
Issue Date: 2-Nov-2018
Source: European Planning Studies 11 (26): 2167-2199 (2018-11-02)
Journal or Series Name: European planning studies 
Abstract (english): For more than two decades, theories on regional clusters have inspired economic and structural policies at the European, national and regional levels. Based on the assumption that clusters generate innovation, policy-makers at all levels of governance have adopted instruments and mechanisms to stimulate, resource and sustain clusters. Despite the considerable attention paid to the clustering phenomenon, empirical evidence on to what extent firms’ innovation activities benefit from operating in clusters is scarce and inconclusive. This paper contributes to the micro-foundation of clustering effects by examining the characteristics and activities of cluster firms in relation to their innovativeness. Bridging innovation, management and cluster theories, it is argued that structural and relational embeddedness, relational capital and absorptive capacity influence clustered firms' innovativeness. Partial least-squares structural equation modelling of data from 104 firms in two software and information technology service sector clusters reveals that firms’ structural embeddedness (i.e. frequency of interactions) in clusters and external networks facilitates innovation cooperation. Firms’ absorptive capacity reinforces this positive effect of cluster-internal interactions on innovation cooperation. Results also suggest a substitution effect of trust as relational control mechanisms for formal control mechanisms within the cluster. However, the study finds no significant impact of firms’ innovation cooperation within the cluster (i.e. relational embeddedness) on their innovation success.
ISSN: 0965-4313
Institute: Innovationsmarketing W-3 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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