Experimental and numerical characterization of expanded glass granules
In this paper, the material response of expanded glass granules at different scales and under different boundary conditions is investigated. At grain scale, single particle tests can be used to determine properties like Young’s modulus or crushing strength. With experiments like triaxial and oedometer tests, it is possible to examine the bulk mechanical behaviour of the granular material. Our experimental investigation is complemented by a numerical simulation where the discrete element method is used to compute the mechanical behaviour of such materials. In order to improve the simulation quality, effects such as rolling resistance, inelastic behaviour, damage, and crushing are also included in the discrete element method. Furthermore, the variation of the material properties of granules is modelled by a statistical distribution and included in our numerical simulation.
More Funding Information
The support of the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) under Grant Nos. DU 405/9-1 and WR 19/55-1 is gratefully acknowledged.