Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2019.05.001
Title: The non-linear behavior of aqueous model ice in downward flexure
Language: English
Authors: Bock und Polach, Rüdiger Ulrich Franz von 
Ettema, Robert 
Gralher, Silke 
Kellner, Leon  
Stender, Merten  
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Source: Cold Regions Science and Technology (165): 102775- (2019-09)
Journal or Series Name: Cold regions science and technology 
Abstract (english): As aqueous model ice is used extensively in ice tanks tests on the performance of ship hulls in sheet ice, it is imperative that such model ice replicate the main flexural strength behavior of sheets of sea ice and freshwater ice. Ice tanks use various types of aqueous model ice types, each of which contain brine dopants to scale-reduce ice-sheet strength. Dopants, though, introduce non-linear trends in the scaled flexural behavior of model ice sheets, and can affect ice loads and ice-rubble at ship-hulls and structures. This paper analyzes the non-linear behavior of model ice, and shows that all types behave non-linearly in flexure independent from crystal structure or chemical dopant. Such behavior is attributable to plasticity and vertical variations in stiffness and strength through sheets of model ice. Additionally, the problematic formation of a top layer in model ice sheets is shown to have a greater impact of sheet behavior than the literature reports heretofore. There remains a significant knowledge gap regarding the freezing and movement of brine dopants within ice sheets and their impact on the non-linear behavior. Additionally, it is found that the Hertz method for estimating the Cauchy number of model ice does not reflect the actual deformation behavior of model ice and should be revised.
ISSN: 0165-232X
Institute: Strukturdynamik M-14 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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