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Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.048
Title: Optimisation potentials for the heat recovery in a semi-closed oxyfuel-combustion combined cycle with a reheat gas turbine
Language: English
Authors: Mletzko, Jan 
Kather, Alfons 
Keywords: power plant;gas turbine;CO2-capture;oxyfuel;heat recovery;recuperator
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Energy Procedia Volume 63, 2014, Pages 453-462
Journal or Series Name: Energy procedia 
Abstract (english): Semi-closed oxyfuel-combustion combined cycle plants are one possibility to realise CCS technologies with natural gas-fired power plants. Due to the recirculation of exhaust gas the working fluid in the gas turbine consists mainly of CO2. This leads to the necessity for an increased pressure ratio to achieve the efficiency and the exhaust gas temperatures of conventional gas turbines. In this work a conventional natural gas-fired combined cycle plant with a reheat gas turbine modified for oxyfuel operation will be presented. As it is assumed that the necessary pressure ratio is not realisable with axial compressors two different scenarios are considered. On the one hand the pressure ratio is the same as in the conventional process and on the other hand the pressure ratio is set to an assumed maximum of 60. The exhaust gas temperature lies significantly above the values of the conventional plant. Generally the higher pressure ratio results in a higher net efficiency of the plant. An unchanged heat recovery process results in a loss of efficiency of at least 9.3 to 10.8 %-pts. depending on the pressure ratio. Increasing the steam parameters can achieve a reduction of this loss ranging from 0.5 %-pts for the high pressure ratio to 1.0 %-pts for the low pressure ratio. An alternative approach for the heat recovery is the application of an internal recuperator in the gas turbine. When the achievable pressure ratio is far from the optimum value, as in the low pressure ratio case, this approach can lead to significantly lower losses of 9.1 %-pts. With a higher pressure ratio the effects of the optimisation options are similar.
DOI: 10.15480/882.2356
ISSN: 1876-6102
Institute: Energietechnik M-5 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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