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Publisher DOI: 10.1039/c9ra05078g
Title: Synthesis and thermal stability of ZrO2@SiO2 core-shell submicron particles
Language: English
Authors: Finsel, Maik 
Hemme, Maria 
Döring, Sebastian 
Rüter, Jil S. V. 
Dahl, Gregor Thomas 
Krekeler, Tobias 
Kornowski, Andreas 
Ritter, Martin 
Weller, Horst 
Vossmeyer, Tobias 
Issue Date: 28-Aug-2019
Publisher: RSC Publishing
Source: RSC Advances 46 (9): 26902-26914 (2019)
Journal or Series Name: RSC Advances 
Abstract (english): ZrO2@SiO2 core-shell submicron particles are promising candidates for the development of advanced optical materials. Here, submicron zirconia particles were synthesized using a modified sol-gel method and pre-calcined at 400 °C. Silica shells were grown on these particles (average size: ∼270 nm) with well-defined thicknesses (26 to 61 nm) using a seeded-growth Stöber approach. To study the thermal stability of bare ZrO2 cores and ZrO2@SiO2 core-shell particles they were calcined at 450 to 1200 °C. After heat treatments, the particles were characterized by SEM, TEM, STEM, cross-sectional EDX mapping, and XRD. The non-encapsulated, bare ZrO2 particles predominantly transitioned to the tetragonal phase after pre-calcination at 400 °C. Increasing the temperature to 600 °C transformed them to monoclinic. Finally, grain coarsening destroyed the spheroidal particle shape after heating to 800 °C. In striking contrast, SiO2-encapsulation significantly inhibited grain growth and the t → m transition progressed considerably only after heating to 1000 °C, whereupon the particle shape, with a smooth silica shell, remained stable. Particle disintegration was observed after heating to 1200 °C. Thus, ZrO2@SiO2 core-shell particles are suited for high-temperature applications up to ∼1000 °C. Different mechanisms are considered to explain the markedly enhanced stability of ZrO2@SiO2 core-shell particles.
DOI: 10.15480/882.2424
ISSN: 2046-2069
Institute: Betriebseinheit Elektronenmikroskopie M-26 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Funded by: Funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) – Projektnummer 192346071 – SFB 986 (Projects C6, Z3, A1).
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