Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.08.035
Title: Entropy generation analysis of a miniature loop heat pipe with graphene–water nanofluid: thermodynamics model and experimental study
Language: English
Authors: Tharayil, Trijo 
Asirvatham, Lazarus Godson 
Dau, Michel Jerome 
Wongwises, Somchai 
Keywords: Entropy generation;Graphene–water nanofluid;Miniature loop heat pipe;Thermodynamic analysis
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer (106): 407-421 (2017-03-01)
Journal or Series Name: International journal of heat and mass transfer 
Abstract (english): A miniature loop heat pipe is theoretically modelled and the predicted results are used to compare the thermal performance and entropy generation with the experimental results. The working fluids used are water and two concentrations of graphene–water nanofluid (0.003 Vol.% and 0.006 Vol.%). The analysis shows that the model is in good agreement with experiments with a maximum variation of 6% in evaporator wall temperature. The entropy generation in mLHP due to heat transfer and pressure drop are also estimated from the model and experimental results. The results show that the use of nanofluid diminishes the entropy generation and increases the second law efficiency. The average reduction in total entropy generation with the use of nanofluid is 23.9% and 34.6% for 0.003 Vol.% and 0.006 Vol.% respectively. Similarly the second law efficiency shows an average increase of 19.4% and 37.5% for the same concentrations. The heat transfer is found to be the dominant factor causing the entropy generation in mLHP and the effect of friction on entropy generation is found to be less at very low volume fractions of nanofluid.
ISSN: 1879-2189
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
Funded by: Financial support provided by the funding agency, the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), (SB/FTP/ETA-362/2012), New Delhi, India.
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