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Publisher DOI: 10.2351/1.5131642
Title: Biomimetic design and laser additive manufacturing - A perfect symbiosis?
Language: English
Authors: Gralow, Melanie 
Weigand, Felix 
Herzog, Dirk 
Wischeropp, Tim Marten 
Emmelmann, Claus 
Keywords: biomimetic design;laser additive manufacturing;3D printing
Issue Date: 6-Mar-2020
Publisher: Laser Institut of America
Source: Journal of Laser Applications 2 (32): 021201 (2020)
Journal or Series Name: Journal of laser applications 
Abstract (english): Biomimetics as well as additive manufacturing have prominently produced novel design approaches for parts and products independently from each other. The combination of both has resulted in numerous innovative part designs that were unseen before. However remarkable the marketing impact of individual 3D printed biomimetic parts has been, a widespread industrial application is missing to date. This publication, therefore, takes a closer look at how biomimetic design in additive manufacturing is currently pursued and evaluates the different design approaches based on their suitability for industrial application. The assessment reveals that algorithms and thesaurus tools should be preferred in an industrial biomimetic design process. From the various additive manufacturing methods, laser additive manufacturing today is a dominating industrial application when it comes to metal parts. Thus, several case studies of biomimetic designs produced with laser additive manufacturing are presented. On the basis of the selected examples, the added value through biomimetic design is discussed and reviewed critically, raising the question of when a biomimetic design approach is promising compared to conventional design approaches. Based on the review of current use cases and the potentials that the combination of biomimetics and additive manufacturing offer, recommended fields of research are concluded. Finally, the road to industry for biomimetic additive manufacturing design is outlined, taking into account the findings on existing biomimetic design methodologies and tools.
DOI: 10.15480/882.2733
ISSN: 1938-1387
Institute: Laser- und Anlagensystemtechnik G-2 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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