Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.09.057
Title: A mechanical microconnector system for restoration of tissue continuity and long-term drug application into the injured spinal cord
Language: English
Authors: Brazda, Nicole 
Voss, Christian 
Estrada, Veronica 
Lodin, Homaira 
Weinrich, N. 
Seide, Klaus 
Müller, Jörg 
Müller, Hans Werner 
Keywords: Neuronal regeneration; Polymethylmethacrylate; Soft tissue biomechanics; Spinal cord injury; Spinal surgery
Issue Date: 3-Oct-2013
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Source: Biomaterials 38 (34): 10056-10064 (2013)
Abstract (english): 
Complete transection of the spinal cord leaves a gap of several mm which fills with fibrous scar tissue. Several approaches in rodent models have used tubes, foams, matrices or tissue implants to bridge this gap. Here, we describe a mechanical microconnector system (mMS) to re-adjust the retracted spinal cord stumps. The mMS is a multi-channel system of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), designed to fit into the spinal cord tissue gap after transection, with an outlet tubing system to apply negative pressure to the mMS thus sucking the spinal cord stumps into the honeycomb-structured holes. The stumps adhere to the microstructure of the mMS walls and remain in the mMS after removal of the vacuum. We show that the mMS preserves tissue integrity and allows axonal regrowth at 2, 5 and 19 weeks post lesion with no adverse tissue effects like in-bleeding or cyst formation. Preliminary assessment of locomotor function in the open field suggested beneficial effects of the mMS. Additional inner micro-channels enable local substance delivery into the lesion center via an attached osmotic minipump. We suggest that the mMS is a suitable device to adapt and stabilize the injured spinal cord after surgical resection of scar tissue (e.g., for chronic patients) or traumatic injuries with large tissue and bone damages. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN: 0142-9612
Journal: Biomaterials 
Institute: Mikrosystemtechnik E-7 
Document Type: Article
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