Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113550
Title: Kinetic parameters estimation via dragonfly algorithm (DA) and comparison of cylindrical and spherical reactors performance for CO₂ hydrogenation to hydrocarbons
Language: English
Authors: Najari, Sara 
Saeidi, Samrand 
Gróf, Gyula 
Keil, Frerich 
Rodrigues‬, Alírio E. 
Keywords: Axial and radial flow spherical reactor;CO hydrogenation 2;Cylindrical reactor;DA algorithm;Optimization
Issue Date: 15-Dec-2020
Source: Energy Conversion and Management (226): 113550 (2020-12-15)
Journal: Energy conversion and management 
Abstract (english): 
Climate change and global warming, as well as growing global demand for hydrocarbons in industrial sectors, make great incentives to investigate the utilization of CO₂ for hydrocarbons production. Therefore, finding an in-depth understanding of the CO₂ hydrogenation reactors along with simulating reactor responses to different operating conditions are of paramount importance. However, the reaction mechanisms for CO₂ hydrogenation and their corresponding kinetic parameters have been disputable yet. In this regard, considering the previously proposed Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson (LHHW) mechanism, which considered CO₂ hydrogenation as a combination of reverse water gas shift (RWGS) and Fischer-Tropsch (FT) reactions, and using a one-dimensional pseudo-homogeneous non-isothermal model, kinetic parameters of the rate expressions are estimated via fitting experimental and modelling data through a novel swarm intelligence optimization technique called dragonfly algorithm (DA). The predicted reactants conversion using DA algorithm are closer to the experimental data (with about 4% error) comparing to those obtained by the artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm, and are in significant agreement with available literature data. The proposed model is used to assess the effect of reactor configuration on the performance and temperature fluctuations. Results show that axial flow spherical reactor (AFSR) and radial flow spherical reactor (RFSR) exhibiting the same surface area with that of the cylindrical reactor (CR), i.e., AFSR-2 and RFSR-2-i are the most efficient exhibiting hydrocarbons selectivity of 40.330% and 40.286% at CO₂ conversion of 53.763% and 53.891%. In addition, it is revealed that the location of the jacket has an essential role in controlling the reactor temperature.
ISSN: 0196-8904
Institute: Chemische Reaktionstechnik V-2 
Document Type: Article
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