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Title: Enhancing B2B supply chain traceability using smart contracts and IoT
Language: English
Authors: Ahmed, Mohamed 
Taconet, Chantal 
Ould, Mohamed 
Chabridon, Sophie 
Bouzeghoub, Amel 
Editor: Kersten, Wolfgang  
Blecker, Thorsten 
Ringle, Christian M.  
Keywords: Logistics;Industry 4.0;Digitalization;Innovation;Supply Chain Management;Artificial Intelligence;Data Science
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2020
Source: Hamburg International Conference of Logistics (HICL) 29: 559-589 (2020)
Part of Series: Proceedings of the Hamburg International Conference of Logistics (HICL) 
Volume number: 29
Abstract (english): 
Purpose: The management of B2B supply chains that involve many stakeholders re-quires traceability processes. Those processes need to be secured. Furthermore, quality traceability data has to be transparently shared among the stakeholders. In order to improve the traceability process, we propose to enhance blockchain based traceability architectures with the capability to detect and record well-qualified inci-dents.
Methodology: To achieve this goal, we propose a generic smart contract for B2B traceability data management, including transport constraints such as temperature, delay and allowing automatic incident detection and recording. We propose an ar-chitecture where data are collected by connected objects and verified and qualified before being sent to the smart contract. This proposition has been validated with medical equipment transport use cases. Findings: As results, the proposed generic template contract can be used in various traceability use cases, well qualified incidents are transparently shared among stakeholders, and secured, qualified and verified traceability data can be used in case of claims or litigation and can facilitate also the automation of invoicing pro-cess. Originality: The originality of this work arises from the automated B2B traceability management system based on qualified IoT data, contractual milestones and pro-cess coded in a generic smart contract, and also from the fact that traceability related data and incidents are verified and qualified in order to increase the integrated data quality.
Conference: Hamburg International Conference of Logistics (HICL) 2020 
DOI: 10.15480/882.3110
ISBN: 978-3-753123-46-2
ISSN: 2365-5070
Document Type: Chapter/Article (Proceedings)
License: CC BY-SA 4.0 (Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0) CC BY-SA 4.0 (Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0)
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