Structure-based dynamic analysis of the glycine cleavage system suggests key residues for control of a key reaction step
Molecular shuttles play decisive roles in many multi-enzyme systems such as the glycine cleavage system (GCS) for one-carbon (C1) metabolism. In GCS, a lipoate swinging arm containing an aminomethyl moiety is attached to protein H and serves as a molecular shuttle among different proteins. Protection of the aminomethyl moiety in a cavity of protein H and its release induced by protein T are key processes but barely understood. Here, we present a detailed structure-based dynamic analysis of the induced release of the lipoate arm of protein H. Based on molecular dynamics simulations of interactions between proteins H and T, four major steps of the release process showing significantly different energy barriers and time scales can be distinguished. Mutations of a key residue, Ser-67 in protein H, led to a bidirectional tuning of the release process. This work opens ways to target C1 metabolism in biomedicine and the utilization of formate and CO2 for biosynthesis.
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This work was financially supported by the Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering and by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) through the project ZE 542/12-1 within the priority program SPP 1934.