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Publisher DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.200013
Title: Taper corrosion: a complication of total hip arthroplasty
Language: English
Authors: Morlock, Michael 
Hube, Robert 
Wassilew, Georgi Iwan 
Prange, Felix 
Huber, Gerd 
Perka, Carsten 
Keywords: assembly; contamination; corrosion; design; loading; metal; taper
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2020
Publisher: The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery
Source: EFORT Open Reviews 11 (5): 776-784 (2020)
Abstract (english): 
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed. The focus on taper corrosion in modular hip arthroplasty increased around 2007 as a result of clinical problems with large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings on standard stems. Corrosion problems with bi-modular primary hip stems focused attention on this issue even more. Factors increasing the risk of taper corrosion were identified in laboratory and retrieval studies: stiffness of the stem neck, taper diameter and design, head diameter, offset, assembly force, head and stem material and loading. The high variability of the occurrence of corrosion in the clinical application highlights its multi-factorial nature, identifying the implantation procedure and patient-related factors as important additional factors for taper corrosion. Discontinuing the use of MoM has reduced the revisions due to metal-related pathologies dramatically from 49.7% (MoM > 32 mm), over 9.2% (MoM ≤ 32 mm) to 0.8% (excluding all MoM). Further reduction can be achieved by omitting less stiff Ti-alloys and large metal heads (36 mm and above) against polyethylene (PE). Standardized taper assembly of smaller and ceramic heads will reduce the clinical occurrence of taper corrosion even further. If 36 mm heads are clinically indicated, only ceramic heads should be used. Taper-related problems will not comprise a major clinical problem anymore if the mentioned factors are respected.
DOI: 10.15480/882.3253
ISSN: 2058-5241
Journal: EFORT open reviews 
Institute: Biomechanik M-3 
Document Type: Article
More Funding information: The observational clinical study was financially supported by Ceramtec.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial) CC BY-NC 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial)
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This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons